• English
  • Türkçe
  • Deutsch
  • русский язык
  • українська
  • العربية
  • 中文 (Zhōngwén), 汉语, 漢語
  • español, castellano
  • فارسی
  • français, langue française
  • cittaslow cities Eastern




    Ahlat, a historical city in the district of Bitlis, northwest of Lake Van, welcomes visitors with an arresting sight of glorious tombstones dating back to the Seljuk period.

    Thanks to its geographical location, Ahlat has been a bridge between Eastern and Western civilizations throughout history. Ahlat played a very important role in the migration of Turks from Central Asia to Anatolia.

    Throughout history, Ahlat’s significance has been established by its location on the roads from Asia to Anatolia, its warm climate for the standards of the Eastern Anatolian region, its fertile lands, the abundance of local building material suitable for construction, and its water resources.

    Just west of Ahlat is an polygonal 13th-century tomb, Usta Şağirt Kümbeti (Ulu Kümbeti), 300 m off the highway. It's the largest Seljuk tomb in the area.

    Further along the highway, on the left, is a museum and behind it the vast Selçuk Mezarlığı (Seljuk Cemetery), with stele-like headstones of lichen-covered grey or red volcanic tuff with intricate web patterns and bands of Kufic lettering.

    Over the centuries, earthquakes, wind, and water have set the stones at all angles, a striking sight with spectacular Mount Nemrut as a backdrop. Most rocks have a crow standing sentinel, and tortoises patrol the ruins.

    On the northeastern side of the graveyard is the unusual Bayındır Kümbeti ve Camii (Bayındır Tomb and Mosque) which dates back to 1477. It has a colonnaded porch and a mihrab, a niche indicating the direction of Mecca.

    Other sites include the Çifte Kümbet (Twin Tombs), about 2 km from the old museum towards the town center, and the Ahlat Sahil Kalesi (Ahlat Lakeside Fortress), south of the Çifte Kümbet, which was built during the reign of Süleyman the Magnificent.


    Uzundere, a town and district of Erzurum Province, is located on the borders of the Black Sea region and the region of Eastern Anatolia. It is a quiet and peaceful town, rich in history, and abundant in natural beauty.

    Many different civilizations have left their traces in this part of the world.

    Interestingly, the region has the characteristics of the Mediterranean climate: the summer is quite hot and humid, and the winter is cold and rainy. Many different types of fruit grow in the district, and even in winter, parts of the region remain green. The locals’ main livelihood is agriculture and animal husbandry.

    Tortum Waterfall, Türkiye's tallest waterfall, is located 17 kilometers from the center of Uzundere. The waterfall is fed by the surplus water of Tortum Lake that is situated 1,000 meters above sea level. There is a recreation area around the waterfall with an observation platform, and a staircase that leads underneath the waterfall.

    Another local attraction is the Oshki Monastery. The monastery is one of the most magnificent examples of the cultural and architectural heritage of the Tortum Valley and the district of Uzundere. The structure was built by Georgians in the tenth century and was dedicated to St. John the Baptist. The monastery was an important center of Georgian literature and is famous for its 11th-century manuscripts.

    • Tombstones of Ahlat at the Uranian and Ottoman citadel
    • Ahlat Castle
    • Usta Şağirt Kümbeti (Ulu Kümbeti)
    • Tortum Lake
    • Oshki Monastery
    • Çorti (a cabbage dish)
    • Harse (wheat porridge with chicken breast roasted in a tandoor oven )
    • Ahlat lokma dessert
    • Kadayıf dolması (thin shreds of filo pastry wrapped around a nut filling)
    • Endemic plants in Tortum
    • Fresh air around Mount Süphan
    • Oltu stone products
    • Bardız rugs
    • Cool waters of Nemrut Lake
    • Traditional Ahlat canes
    • Tortum Waterfall
    • Poetry, music and storytelling of local “aşık” tradition
    • Dengbejs (traditional singing storytellers)
    • Songs of the birds around Lake Van